Anger management therapy - learning how to effectively manage your feelings of frustration and anger
Category: Better Relationships | Author and Publisher: Elly Prior | First published: 22-09-2010 | Modified: 29-07-2018
How to control the anger (includes free anger management worksheet)
Feeling angry and frustrated too often and/or too severely? If so, I'm really pleased you're searching for anger management tips.
Because the more emotional we become as human beings, the more unpredictable we are. You may well have experienced that already and, if so, I suspect that deep down the 'red mist' has really scared you.
Maybe you're well aware that you're hurting the people around you, and that your temper's always on a short fuse. Maybe you know that people feel insecure when they're with you, never knowing what kind of mood you'll be in and how you'll react. Maybe you feel insecure too, and always at the mercy of your anger.
At one end of the scale and when it's under control, anger is a natural and potentially useful reaction. Somewhere in the middle, it helps you achieve the seemingly impossible. And at the other end of the scale, it kills.
Only you know at which point you're deliberately out to hurt someone and when you're beyond your own control. Either way, it's time for some anger management counselling or to attend a course on learning to deal with that rage.
My aim is to help you to understand what's happening to you, and learn what you can do about it both immediately and in the long-term. I therefore hope that the information in this article will set you off on the right track.
Before you consider anything else - could your medication be the cause of your problem?
If you’re on tablets that play havoc with your mental state, there's little point in you going for anger management counselling. You won’t stand a chance of gaining control if your meds are sabotaging your attempts to overcome your rage. Doubtless, you’ll be attaching your anger to something or someone. But it's possible that your feelings have nothing to do with what happened in that particular moment. Afterwards, you may not even remember what the problem was in the first place!
It may be that your medication is contributing to you feeling - or even causing you to feel - anything from mildly irritable to completely out of control with rage, even over seemingly nothing at all! So, the first thing you’ll need to do is to check the side effects.
Prescribed medication and anger
What kind of medication can cause anything from mild irritability to an absolute rage?
Any of these can (but do carefully check the side-effects of any medication you’re taking):
- Adderall to treat ADHD and narcolepsy (also used as a recreational drug)
- Lamotrigine (brand name lamictal) to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder
- Antidepressants from the SSRI family, i.e. they're prescribed not only for depression, but for a whole variety of mood disorders. They're often prescribed for anger problems, but I really don't think they're the best treatment for that
- Betablockers to treat high blood pressure and heart problems
- Statins to treat high cholesterol
- Benzodiazepines prescribed for anxiety and sleep problems
Could you just stop taking your medication?
Under no circumstances should you stop taking your prescribed medication.
Stopping abruptly can be extremely dangerous and can severely damage your health. So, if you’re concerned about side-effects, you must speak to your doctor before you make any kind of change to your intake.
Are you taking any recreational drugs?
Recreational drugs include:
- Stimulants such as cocaine, marihuana (yes, the newer version!) methamphetamine, amphetamine and synthetics nicknamed “bath salts” and “spice.”
- Hallucinogens such as LSD and PCP
Anger and depression are linked. And if you are using recreational drugs, I wouldn't be at all surprised if you're, very sadly, suffering from depression too. So I really hope this article is going to be of use to you, if only to nudge you in the direction of professional help.
Why you might need a brain scan
Sounds scary and rather dramatic, doesn't it?
But you may have, knowingly or unknowingly, suffered a (minor) head injury, and one of the symptoms of that is rapid and seemingly uncontrollable changes of mood.
Could you have:
- fallen on your head as a child or an adult
- had an accident after which a brain injury may or may not have been diagnosed
- been hit on the head by someone
- or have you played a sport such as boxing, rugby or football (now known to cause brain problems)?
There may be another underlying factor - a bit of a tricky one. Watch the video below to find out why...
I want to be upfront with you - I may earn a commission from Better Help. You pay the same fee, regardless!
Let's now try to discover more about what might be going on for you as an individual.
What did you learn?
Here are some more potential contributing factors...
There may be reasons for your anger, but ...
... none of those mentioned in this article are an excuse for the damage you may be causing to other people and your relationships!
Why you maybe getting so angry
To start with, I want to help you by giving you some clear direction in your self help journey. Your first step is to explore in a little bit more detail what your anger looks like.
These are the questions I'd ask you if you came to me for anger management counselling. Feel free to grab a pen and paper, and let's get started...
18 Questions to uncover any contributing factors
- Have you always had a temper?
- Have you always been easily irritated or frustrated?
- Do you consider people are generally less worthy than you and therefore you've given yourself permission to let rip?
- Have you been deeply wounded by someone and/or by something that's happened?
- Have people you love been deeply hurt?
- Have you been unfairly treated or criticised?
- Have you been badly let down by someone?
- Do you seem to be getting angry about nothing - none of these reasons exist for you?
- Do you have the warrior gene? Is there a family history of aggression and violence? (Learn more from the surprising family history and the brain scan of neuroscientist James Fallon)
- Have you been feeling depressed? I have plenty of pages on that subject, but I'd recommend you start by filling out a depression questionnaire (see links below). Alternatively, you can connect with a professional, licensed therapist. It's now very easy, and affordable to set up an online session. See my page on mental health counselling.
- Have you been going through a particularly stressful time? See my article Tips to Deal with Stress.
- Are you having relationship problems? If you need to take action right now to save your relationship - even if your partner seems to have given up - get my Loving Communication Kit for Couples. You'll get a bundle of expert tools to help you start turning things around right away. Or connect with a relationship counsellor for support and advice.
- Are you suffering from a lack of sleep? Have a look at my page about treatment for insomnia.
- Are you having problems at work? (You may be able to get some anger management therapy at work)
- Could you be suffering from a post-trauma stress reaction, or even full-blown PTSD, from a work-related incident, accident or from growing up in a violent environment?
- Do you suffer from low self-esteem and quickly feel criticised? See my article on how to improve your self-esteem.
- Could you be suffering from fluctuating blood-sugar levels? Have you been tested for diabetes? A low-blood sugar level can make you super irritable!
- Are you quickly feeling jealous?
No wonder you're feeling angry all the time! Hypnosis for anger, particularly when you're stressed, can be highly effective.
Anger management worksheet
Free downloadable and printable anger management worksheet
Whatever the cause of your anger, I'd guess that you're really struggling to find ways to manage it. Therefore, I've developed this worksheet to help you increase your awareness and start to conquer the problem.
Fight or flight, or tend and befriend?
Let me explain the psychology of what happens to your mind/body when you lose it.
Why the need?
Because the more you understand the psychology of it all, the better your chance of gaining control and even overcoming the problem completely.
It is vital you understand the following...
When you're seething, your brain goes into survival mode . It adopts a better to be safe than sorry approach - fight or flight.
Shelley Taylor discovered in her research that this flight/fight mechanism is true particularly for men*. Women, she says, have on the whole a very different emergency response - they are more likely to tend and befriend.
In any case, the effects are:
- black and white, all or nothing thinking
- loss of objectivity
- loss of context
- narrow focus of attention, locked often on something insignificant (though not necessarily so of course)
- inability to consider other people's points of view
Think about how dangerous that can be! You may hardly know what you're doing in that moment. You could even have an 'anger black-out' and forget what you've done whilst in the grip of the red mist.
So, you can see that there's no point in discussing any subject when you're in such a trance state.
How to control anger with hypnosis
The good news is that as human beings we can make use or our innate tendency and ability to go into a trance state.
Therefore, I highly recommend that you have a look at how you can help yourself with a self-hypnosis download. Self-hypnosis is a really effective, user-friendly and affordable aid to making permanent changes.
Are these anger management tips right for you?
Know that I write the following without any judgement. Remember, my aim is truly to help you...
3 Additional causes of anger and how to deal with them
- You've been allowed to be angry too much, or spoilt as a child
Therefore you're unlikely to have learnt to deal with anger appropriately.
My article on how to deal with a narcissist may give you some insight.
- Deep down, you enjoy the power it brings
See my article: Signs of an abusive relationship
- Your body is feeling the strain
Apart from low blood sugar, several other health problems could be underlying your problem, such as inflammation (yes, really!*), liver disease, a stroke or pain.
Therefore, do make an appointment with your healthcare provide for a checkup.
Remember though - these are reasons, not excuses!
How to deal with anger when you think you're going to lose it
There are times when you just know in advance that you're going to get into trouble. Here are some anger management tips to help you make those occasions more manageable:
- Set a time limit on a difficult discussion
- Deal with one subject at a time
- Agree to stay calm for that time
- Plan time to relax and have fun after the discussion
- Plan to do some aerobic exercise immediately afterwards
Do you feel provoked?
Below is a list of potential provocations. It comes with a cautionary note, though: depending on how you act out your anger, a provocation is not an excuse for you to lose it. However, the list may help you to identify any patterns in your behaviour relating to your anger getting out of control.
You can also use this list to help yourself become aware of how much you use these kinds of behaviours and ways of communicating. It's possible that you set people off to become defensive (i.e. provocative) by the way you treat or talk to them.
Potential provocations from you and others...
Learn to recognise them!
Unrelenting criticism, name calling, sarcasm, sneering, belittling, stonewalling and humiliating are all forms of emotional abuse and are unacceptable in any relationship.
Also listen out for how you talk to yourself about yourself
Anger management tips to help your stay cool, calm and relaxed
How to avoid becoming angry in the first place
- Avoid making assumptions or jumping to conclusions at all costs
- Keep focusing on what's being said
- Avoid interruptions with: "Yes, but", or "No, I don't....".
- Check what was meant before you respond
- Remain respectful regardless of someone else's reactions or opinions
- Avoid wanting to be right - this is one of my best anger management tips
- Avoid holding a monologue - i.e. talking without listening carefully
- Avoid provocations (see box above)
8 steps to a calmer state of mind when you feel you're about to explode
- Take time out
State calmly that you'd like a little time out to reflect
- Agree a time limit
You need at least a twenty minute break
- Take deep breaths
Breathe out very slowly
- Continue counting your breaths
7 counts in, 11 counts out
- Divert your attention
Read, plan, talk to someone else
- Avoid rehearsing your reasons for being angry
or being right
- Allow your mind and body to calm down
until you can think clearly again
- Look at it the situation from the other person's perspective
You may be surprised!
These self help tips are useful in any situation where something becomes too much and you can't take it anymore. All of these tips are the things I'd be teaching you if you were here with me right now for anger management counselling.
Whatever the reason for your over-the-top displeasure, take courage from the fact that you can learn to control and process your emotions. The anger management therapy tips on this page are designed to point you in the right direction. Allow yourself the time and space you need to get to the root of your anger, and figure out how to heal old wounds or deal with current stresses.
And ask for help and support if you need it, either from loved ones, friends or a professional. It will take a little time and some consistent, conscious effort - but I know you can sort this, and I'm rooting for you!
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*Azar, B. A new stress paradigm for women. American Psychological Association, 2000, via APA
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